Resource Description

Resource Summary

Names
North Hollywood Manor Garden Apartment (Primary)
North Hollywood Manor (Alternative)
Resource Types
District
Important Dates
No dates recorded
Keywords (Subjects)
Valco, Inc.
1940s
Post World War II
Wharton & Vaughan
Ranch
Garden City
ethnic
Heth Wharton
Ralph Vaughan
African American
black
suburbanization

Location Information

Addresses
Location Description
No descriptions recorded
Administrative Areas
North Hollywood - Valley Village Community Plan Area (Community Plan Area)
Los Angeles City Council District 2 (Council District)
MID-TOWN NORTH HOLLYWOOD NEIGHBORHOOD COUNCIL (Neighborhood Council)
N. HOLLYWOOD NEIGHBORHOOD (Neighborhood)

Classification

Classification
No classifications recorded
Related Features
No features recorded

Resource Descriptions

General Description
North Hollywood Manor Garden Apartment is located in the North Hollywood area of the San Fernando Valley. It contains 42 large multi-family residential buildings in a three-block area. The garden apartment is sited along the eastern side of Tujunga Ave. and on both sides of Klump Ave., Elmer Ave., and Bakman Ave., bounded by Kittridge St. on the south and an alley south of Vanowen St. on the north. All of its 42 buildings are contributors to its historical significance. Developed in 1949-1950, North Hollywood Manor was designed by the firm of Wharton & Vaughan and is a variation on garden apartment planning principles. It is characterized by open common lawns, concrete sidewalks and walkways, private patios, diverse landscaping, and irregular building plans. The buildings are set back from the street, staggered, and oriented to create common courtyards and a variegated streetscape. The buildings are one to two stories in height and follow at least 12 different plans. Their style is Minimal Traditional, with low-pitched hipped and gabled roofs with wide overhanging eaves. They have painted stucco and wood shingle cladding, steel casement windows, and decorative elements such as pedimented door surrounds. The buildings within the garden apartment appear to be mostly unaltered with the exception of some window replacements. North Hollywood Manor's streets fit into the regular street grid on the flat valley floor. An alley runs down the middle of each block, providing access to the rear of the buildings and surface parking for cars. A small building housing common laundry facilities is located in each alley.

Summary of Significance
North Hollywood Manor Garden Apartment is an excellent example of a post-war garden apartment complex. Designed by noted African-American architect Ralph Vaughan, the garden apartment retains the essential characteristics of garden apartment complexes such as common courtyards, emphasis on landscape and site plan, and parking restricted to the rear of buildings. Because it adheres to the existing street grid, the complex is a slight variation on the garden apartment property type (which commonly promoted super-block site planning). The period of significance is 1949-1950, corresponding with its dates of development. Of the garden apartment's 42 residential buildings, 100% contribute to its significance. Developer Valco, Inc. planned and constructed North Hollywood Manor using designs by the firm of Wharton & Vaughan. Heth Wharton was listed as the project architect and Ralph Vaughan as the stylist; this team was responsible for two other well-known garden apartment complexes from the same time period, Lincoln Place and Chase Knolls (both Los Angeles HCMs). Vaughan, an African-American architect and film set designer, partnered with licensed architect Wharton because he did not have his license at the time. In their work on post-war apartment complex projects, Vaughan was responsible for the planning and design and Wharton primarily acted as project manager. North Hollywood Manor was marketed as the best of garden apartment design; newspaper advertisements from 1950 tout its "beautiful garden type apartments" with the latest amenities. An area just north of the complex was designed as a nearby commercial block, and an elementary school south of the complex was within walking distance. North Hollywood Manor's location in the middle of four major thoroughfares (Tujunga Ave., Victory Blvd., Vanowen St., and Vineland Ave) facilitated travel. The complex's original residents were most likely returning World War II veterans and their families. In 1968, ownership of the complex passed to Volunteers of America, who renovated the apartments as low income housing and built a day care center at the complex's southern edge. Alterations to North Hollywood Manor include the addition of metal fences in courtyards, the removal of parking structures in alleys sometime in the 1990s, the removal of two original buildings for construction of the Maud Booth Family Center in the 1960s, and the replacement of windows in one building. The complex as a whole remains intact, and its site plan, buildings, and landscape features exemplify the garden apartment property type.


External System References

SurveyLA ID: 9b188728-b39f-4d80-8c5d-0fd507418d43

Resource Significance

Evaluation Details

Date Evaluated
2012-07-23
Context/Theme
Residential Development and Suburbanization, 1850-1980
Multi-Family Residential Development, 1910-1980
Multi-Family Residential, 1910-1980
Garden Apartments, 1938-1960
Residential-Multi Family
Garden Apartment Complex
Eligibility Standards
  • Was constructed during the period of significance
  • Original landscaping may have been altered or removed
  • Geographic districts of this property type are unlikely
  • Originally constructed as a garden apartment complex
  • Replacement of some windows may be acceptable if the openings have not been changed or resized
  • Security bars may have been added
  • Should retain integrity of Location, Design, Feeling, Materials and Association
  • Should retain integrity of Location, Design, Setting (must retain the relationship between the buildings and the landscape), Materials (some materials may have been altered/removed), and Feeling
  • Where this property type is situated within a grouping of multi-family residences, it may also be significant as a contributor to a Multi-Family Residential District. A grouping may be composed of a single property type or a variety of types
  • Buildings are oriented around multiple courtyards or set within a larger landscape
  • Buildings are generally two stories in height; may be three stories
  • Buildings are oriented around multiple courtyards or set within a larger landscape, a primary feature of the design
  • May be a good/excellent example of an architectural style from its period and/or the work of a significant architect or builder
  • Retains most of the essential character-defining features from the period of significance
  • Site is generally more than five acres
  • Typically composed of ten or more similarly-designed residential buildings arranged within a large superblock
  • Extant Garden Apartment Complexes are rare; therefore, a greater degree of alteration or fewer character-defining features may be acceptable
  • Associated architectural styles: American Colonial Revival, Minimal Traditional, Hollywood Regency, Mid-Century Modern
  • Integrity Aspects
    Association
    Retains sufficient integrity to convey significance
    Location
    Design
    Materials
    Feeling
    Setting
    Workmanship
    California Historic Resources Status Codes (explanation of codes)
    3CS
    3S
    5S3
    Significance Statement
    Excellent example of a garden apartment complex designed by Ralph A. Vaughn and Heth Wharton. Exhibits garden city planning principles such as a repetition of similar and minimal building forms, common green space and separation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic. A variation on garden apartment site planning as it conforms to the existing grid rather than adopting a superblock site plan.
    Periods of Significance
    From: 1949-01-01
    To: 1950-12-31

    Related Resources

    Related Historic Resources

    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)
    North Hollywood Manor (Building, District Contributor, is a contributor to / has as a contributor)

    Related Historic Districts

    None

    Related Activities

    None

    Related Historic Events

    None

    Related People/Organizations

    Architectural Resources Group (Surveying Firm, was surveyed by / surveyed)

    Related Information Resources

    Images
    Documents
    SurveyLA: North Hollywood-Valley Village Historic Resources Survey Report (Document/Text, is referred to in / refers to)